Alaa Aldeek, Jun Ding:“The Effective of the Chinese Position Towards the Achievement of Palestinian Political Goals”,An-Najah University Journal for Research - B (Humanities)
发布时间: 2024-04-03 浏览次数: 10

SourceAn-Najah University Journal for Research - B (Humanities), Volume 38, Issue 4, 2024

AbstractThe political process between the Palestinians and the Israelis did not lead to the establishment of an independent and sovereign Palestinian state in accordance with the settlement option that led to the signing of the Oslo Accords in 1993, or as stipulated in international legitimacy. Accordingly, there has been a great debate within the Palestinian arena about the effectiveness and importance of the negotiating option in achieving Palestinian political goals in the future. China supports a negotiated political solution, provided the firm and consistent implementation of international law and international resolutions towards resolving the Palestinian issue, and that Israel and the United States, as a sponsor of the political settlement, abide by that, and refrain from ignoring the political rights of the Palestinians, and work hard to support the implementation of international law towards Palestine, and respect the principle of state sovereignty and rights, away from unilateral measures and politics which threats international peace and security. The Palestinians also bear part of the responsibility, as they must unify their national vision to achieve their political goals. The changing Palestinian political position is evolving, and the internal division is the master of the situation. For this reason, the option of negotiation has become a strategic choice for many Palestinian factions within the framework of the Palestine Liberation Organization, the most important of which is Fatah, and rejected by others. The study aimed to assess the effective of the Chinese position towards supporting the realization of Palestinian political rights, in the stage of revolutionary action and the stage of political action, especially in light of the growing number of challenges afflicting the Palestinian cause at the local, regional and international levels, according to the constant and variable in the Chinese and Palestinian position, and the position of some parties, the sponsor of the negotiating option towards resolving the Palestinian issue, and the most important of these variables: the American administration obstructs the implementation of international legitimacy decisions, ignores the political rights of the Palestinians, and seeks to strengthen the influence of Israel and its allies, as well as clarity of the political position in Israel not to accept the establishment of an independent and sovereign Palestinian state, and to encourage unilateral action to impose security, political and economic control. And the absence of a specific, unified and agreed-upon Palestinian national vision to get out of the current crisis. The study concluded that the effective of China's position towards supporting the solution of the Palestinian issue is consistent and continuous, and will help the success of the political process and the achievement of Palestinian political goals, provided that international law and relevant decisions are applied to the Palestinian issue, because the stability in the Chinese position regarding the Palestinian issue, before and after the political track, has not changed, while there are parties that are part of the political process has changed its position. Accordingly, the impact of the effective of the Chinese position is evident in China's call to promote the principle of international pluralism and respect for the sovereignty and rights of states in accordance with international law, and this will contribute to supporting and achieving the political goals of the Palestinian people. The study will depend on the historical method and the content analysis method.

KeywordsChina;the negotiating option;the Palestinian state;the United Nations